Information Requests Monitoring System

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Request ID: 170
Request From: Steve Toth
Date Requested: Mar 07, 2007
Request: Note the following request for information from Teung Chin, USDA OPMP, regarding the use of aldicarb (Temik) in peanuts as a side dressing. Please send this request to the experts in your respective states and territories and submit any responses to the Southern Region IPM Center's Information Request Monitoring System by Monday, March 26, 2007. Thanks. Steve Toth ---------------------------------------------- I need feedback for peanut growers who use aldicarb as a side-dressing. I am told that growers non-runner type peanuts (i.e. Spanish and Valencia) use aldicarb at pegging. EPA is making final risk mitigation decisions and is concerned for this use in Georgia and Florida. However, I am told that non-runner type peanuts are grown in Texas, Oklahoma and New Mexico, and not Georgia and Florida. EPA is concerned for when aldicarb is sprinkled around peanuts plants and not incorporated into the soil for one to seven days until it is watered in, usually by rain water. EPA's concern is that birds can be poisoned by ingesting the exposed granules. EPA is asking if some form of incorporation can take place so that 85% of the granules are incorporated or if the granules can be watered in soon after application. For non-runner type peanuts (e.g. Virginia peanuts), the canopy covers the aldicarb granules from the birds. I need confirmation as to whether aldicarb granules are exposed for 1 - 7 days for non-runner type peanuts. If they are, can they be incorporate or watered in immediately to reduce risk to birds? If I can get feedback in 2-3 weeks, that would be great! Thanks in advance! Please do not hesitate to contact me if you have any questions or comments. Teung F. Chin, Ph.D. Biological Scientist Office of Pest Management Policy Agricultural Research Service United States Department of Agriculture LOCATED AT: USDA Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service 4700 River Road, Unit 149 (Room 3D-06.8) Riverdale, MD 20737-1237 Phone (301) 734-8943 Fax (301) 734-5992 Teung.F.Chin@usda.gov http://www.ars.usda.gov/opmp

Responses
Responder: ples spradley
State: AR
Date Requested: Mar 08, 2007
Not Important/Relevant to my state(s)
Response:

Responder: Mike Weaver
State: VA
Date Requested: Mar 08, 2007
Not Important/Relevant to my state(s)
Response: Virginia growers have used aldicarb on peanuts -- we have two current registrations for Temik 15G for peanut (soil treatment) for thrips and nematodes. But your question was regarding non-runner types. According to the 2006 Virginia Peanut Production Guide, we grow almost exclusively Virginia-type peanut varieties (growth types are listed as either runner or intermediate runner types).

Responder: Mike Weaver
State: VA
Date Requested: Mar 08, 2007
Not Important/Relevant to my state(s)
Response: Virginia growers have used aldicarb on peanuts -- we have two current registrations for Temik 15G for peanut (soil treatment) for thrips and nematodes. But your question was regarding non-runner types. According to the 2006 Virginia Peanut Production Guide, we grow almost exclusively Virginia-type peanut varieties (growth types are listed as either runner or intermediate runner types).
Attachment included in response [Download]

Responder: Robert (Bob) Bellinger
State: SC
Date Requested: Mar 12, 2007
Response: Bob: We do not use ANY sidedress or other forms of surface applied aldicarb in SC [South Carolina] on peanuts, only in-furrow appl.
Responder: Robert (Bob) Bellinger
State: SC
Date Requested: Mar 12, 2007
Response: Bob: We do not use ANY sidedress or other forms of surface applied aldicarb in SC [South Carolina] on peanuts, only in-furrow appl. Jay [Chapin]

Responder: david adams
State: GA
Date Requested: Mar 12, 2007
Response: Aldicarb is incorporated during at-planting operations in GA. We do not use any aldicarb above ground.

Responder: charles Luper
State: OK
Date Requested: Mar 26, 2007
Response: Phil Mulders response is below as well as the measures that were suggested would not be a problem to Oklahoma producers even though most temik is put down at plant and not side dressed. Charles, I do believe this is an issue for Oklahoma. We have very few non-runner types anymore and almost everything is irrigated so watering in is not an issue. I would also agree that most of the mitigations are doable. Phil Mulder

Responder: Mark Mossler
State: FL
Date Requested: Mar 26, 2007
Response: The Extension entomologist for peanut in FL stated that there is very little Temik used as a side-dressing at pegging. This is largely due to current economics and permitting requirements. The specialist did not believe that the label change would affect many growers if implemented.

Responder: Mark Mossler
State: VI
Date Requested: Mar 26, 2007
Not Important/Relevant to my state(s)
Response:

Responder: Mark Mossler
State: PR
Date Requested: Mar 26, 2007
Not Important/Relevant to my state(s)
Response:

Responder: charles Luper
State: OK
Date Requested: Mar 26, 2007
Response: Phil Mulders response is below as well as the measures that were suggested would not be a problem to Oklahoma producers even though most temik is put down at plant and not side dressed. Charles, I do believe this is an issue for Oklahoma. We have very few non-runner types anymore and almost everything is irrigated so watering in is not an issue. I would also agree that most of the mitigations are doable. Phil Mulder

Responder: Rick Brandenburg
State: NC
Date Requested: Mar 26, 2007
Response: We do not use Temik in this manner in North Carolina. Rick Brandenburg Department of Entomology North Carolina State University

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